What is a Planning Permission?
The building of a new dwelling and extensive changes to existing buildings usually requires consent from the local planning authority in the form of planning permission. This is to protect the local area from inappropriate development.
When do I need Planning Permission?
You’ll probably need planning permission if you want to
* build something new
* make a significant change to your home, e.g. building a large house extension (regular house extensions don't usually require permission thanks to the permitted development rights)
* change the use of your building
To find out if your project will need planning permission, contact your local planning authority (LPA)
How to Apply?
You can apply for planning permission online at: https://www.planningportal.co.uk/info/200126/applications
How are Applications Decided?
To decide whether a planning application fits with its development plan, your local planning authority (LPA) will look at:
* the number, size, layout, siting and external appearance of buildings
* the infrastructure available, e.g. roads, parking spaces, and water supply
* any landscaping needs
* what you want to use the development for
* how your development would affect the surrounding area, eg if it would create lots more traffic, noise, loss of privacy, safety issues etc.
LPA will not take into account whether local people want the development, although neighbours will be consulted and invited to comment but only those objections based on the points mentioned above will be taken into account.
In most cases, planning applications are decided within 8 weeks. In England, for unusually large or complex applications the time limit is 13 weeks.
How Much will an Application Cost?
The cost of submitting a planning application will depend on the nature of your proposed development. The cost is currently £462 for a full application for a new single dwelling in England, but this fee is different in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. For home improvers, an application in England for an extension currently costs £206, whereas in Wales the cost of a typical householder application is currently £190. Further small sums are payable for the discharge of planning conditions, which must be met before development begins.
What does a Planning Application Include?
In general terms, an application should include:
* five copies of application forms
* the signed ownership certificate
* a site plan, block plan, elevations of both the existing and proposed sites
* a Design and Access Statement
* the correct fee
Materials must match existing ones, or that all boundary treatments must be agreed.
What if my Application is Refused?
If your application is refused, try to come to an agreement with the local planning authority (LPA) by adjusting your plans.
If you can’t reach an agreement, you can appeal, however, appeals can take several months to be decided.
How Long Does Planning Permission Last?
Planning permission is typically granted for three years — meaning you must begin work in that time or face reapplying.
What Happens if I Carry Out Works Without Approval?
If your project needs planning permission and you do the work without getting it, you can be served an ‘enforcement notice’ ordering you to undo all the changes you have made.